Developing Pedagogy to Optimise Forensic Training in Safety-Related Industrial Control Systems (ICS)2019-05-10T14:56:28+00:00

Developing Pedagogy to Optimise Forensic Training in Safety-Related Industrial Control Systems (ICS)


Pedagogy deals with the theory and practice of teaching and how these influence student learning. Research in computing science has begun to develop an evidence base to guide the teaching of key concepts, see for example the Royal Society report on computing education ‘After the Reboot’. First steps have also been taken to develop the pedagogy of cyber security.  A recent RISCS workshop stressed the role that the GCHQ Research Institutes must play in influencing best practice in pedagogy. However, most existing guidance focuses on schools and Universities. There is little or no empirical work on effective approaches for training professional systems engineers. We will address this omission. The aim of this proposal is to develop an evidence base and then to derive principles that provide industry and government with effective training in forensic engineering, focussing on safety-critical ICS applications.

Project members

The main focus for Chris’ research is at the interface between safety and security – for example, developing techniques so that we can continue to ensure safety while gathering forensic evidence in the aftermath of a cyber-attack:

Civil Nuclear: he has worked with the United Nations (UNICRI) on improving the cyber-security of Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear facilities, including facilities in Africa and Asia, with the US Pacific Northwestern Labs and the UK National Nuclear Laboratory. He helps to lead a forensic and cyber security lab on behalf of the UK Civil Nuclear License holders; focussing on SCADA and Industrial Control Systems.

Aviation: Chris is the software specialist on the SESAR scientific board advising the European Commission on the future of Air Traffic Management, comparable to the US NextGen programme. He also works on the cyber security of airport operations with the UK Department for Transport, EUROCONTROL, AdP and Helios.

Space: His research improves the resilience of space missions with NASA, the European Space Agency and the US Air Force.

He has advised a wide range of companies including EDF (UK), DFS (Germany), Frequentis (Austria), LVNL (Netherlands), Skyguide (Switzerland) and Thales (UK).